Referrals As a Source of New Business: A Practitioner Perspective
It is widely assumed among providers of professional services that conventional marketing methods are largely ineffective and that client referrals are the key to business growth. Furthermore, it is supposed that f irms can take steps to generate referrals and that referrals can be actively managed. This paper presents a contrary point of view, arguing that referrals largely arise through processes that lie outside the control of the firm. The actions that firms may take to generate and manage referrals have very little effect on client referral behaviour. In addition, there is confusion and conflation in connection with the concepts of word of mouth, recommendation and referral. The article argues that referrals are best conceptualised as a process rather than as a discrete action, and a framework for the referral process is proposed.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2018
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