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Increased anaerobic selector hydraulic retention times (HRTs) in a high-purity oxygen activated sludge process resulted in an increase in soluble orthophosphate release and biodegradable COD removal at aeration solids retention times (SRTs) ranging from 1.1 and 1.7 days. Under operating conditions that included biological foam recycling, a well established phosphorus accumulating organism community was observed at HRTs higher than 55 minutes that resulted in a decrease in filament counts and foam stability, providing effective operating conditions for foam control. While enhanced biological phosphorus removal was observed at HRTs between 20 and 60 minutes, its effectiveness with respect to foam control was compromised due to excessive foam trapping and recycling. Thus, increased anaerobic selector HRTs and low aeration SRTs can provide effective measures for biological foam control under conditions that minimize the impacts of foam trapping or that eliminate biological foam recycling.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2005

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