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Free Content The Occurrence of Amphibians and Reptiles in Saltwater Areas, and a Bibliography

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The paper discusses the occurrence of salamanders, frogs, turtles, crocodilians, lizards, snakes and one tuatara in the saltwater areas of the world. Previously published accounts are summarized, and new findings are also presented. At least 52 species or subspecies of amphibians, and 273 of reptiles, either dwell habitually in haline habitats or occasionally invade them. Such habitats are classified from a herpetological standpoint.

It is pointed out that, in Florida, a remarkably large number of essentially freshwater or inland species have also taken up residence in saltwater situations. An explanation of this circumstance is seen in both the geological history and the present ecological conditions of the state. Two areas of Florida—Merritt Island in Brevard County and the mouth of the St. Johns River in Duval County—are described as having an unusually large saltwater herpetofauna.

It is shown that residence in a saltwater habitat is apt to bring about changes in the coloration of an amphibian or reptile. Morphological changes may also be brought about; and diet is profoundly affected.

A bibliography of 475 titles is presented.

223 References.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 1958

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  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
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