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Open Access The Multiple Deindustrializations of Canada's Maritime Provinces and the Evaluation of Heritage-Related Urban Regeneration

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The Maritime provinces of Canada share with many other nations the experience of nineteenth-century industrialization and twentiethcentury deindustrialization. For deindustrialized areas, the social and environmental pressures imposed by deindustrialization are frequently held to be open to mitigation through urban regeneration projects that seek to build on existing cultural heritage and ultimately enable communities to thrive in both cultural and economic terms. In the Maritime provinces, however, two factors have greatly complicated the emergence of effective urban regeneration. One is the historical complexity of both industrialization and deindustrialization in the region, while the other is the critical weakness of evaluation criteria for defining success in urban regeneration and thus assessing the effectiveness of regeneration projects. Without advocating the adoption of a 'one-size-fits-all' model, and recognizing the complexity – even intractability – of the 'wicked problems' that attend any regeneration project, this essay will argue that historical and policy-related analysis can be combined to generate a regional approach to urban regeneration and its evaluation, which will take account of the need to maintain existing cultural integrity and to support processes of policy learning and social learning.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2016

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  • The London Journal of Canadian Studies is an interdisciplinary journal specialising in Canadian history, politics and society and has been published annually since 1984. The current editor of the LJCS is Dr Tony McCulloch, Senior Fellow in North American Studies at the Institute of the Americas and President of the British Association for Canadian Studies.

    This is an Open Access journal, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC BY). This licence permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. For more information see:

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