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E-cigarette Solvent Ratio and Device Power Influence Ambient Air Particulate Matter

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Objectives: Electronic cigarette (ECIG)-generated aerosol contains particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5). Particles of this size may be injurious to the health of those who inhale them. Few studies have assessed the relationship between ECIG aerosol PM2.5 and ECIG liquid ingredients or ECIG device power. Methods: Two studies were conducted in which participants generated aerosols with ECIGs. In one, ECIG liquids contained various vegetable glycerin/propylene glycol ratios; in the other, ECIG devices varied by electrical power output. Results: Results indicate that, in general, PM2.5 increases as the ratio of vegetable glycerin to propylene glycol increases, or as device power increases. Conclusions: Regulating ECIG PM2.5 emissions to protect non-users requires an understanding of all the factors that influence these emissions.
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Keywords: DEVICE POWER; ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE; PARTICULATE MATTER; PM2.5; PROPYLENE GLYCOL; VEGETABLE GLYCERIN

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 2021

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  • Tobacco Regulatory Science (Electronic ISSN 2333-9748) is a rigorously peer-reviewed online scientific journal for the dissemination of research relevant to the regulation of tobacco products. The journal content includes a broad array of research domains, including chemistry, biology, behavior, community, and population-level surveillance and epidemiology, as well as knowledge syntheses (eg, meta-analyses or state-of-the-art reviews) and analytic modeling. All articles describe the policy relevance of the research outcomes. Given the global nature of tobacco regulation, particularly as a result of international and national policies, Tobacco Regulatory Science publishes high quality research that is relevant to global regulatory needs and requirements. Tobacco Regulatory Science is published electronically 6 times per year.
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