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Smokers' Experiences with Vaping to Quit: A Concept Mapping Study

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Objectives: E-cigarettes are increasingly being used by cigarette smokers as a cessation aid. In this study, we used concept mapping to identify the full spectrum of experiences of smokers who have tried vaping to quit. Methods: In 2018, adult cigarette smokers who tried vaping to quit were recruited to complete a survey and concept mapping tasks. Participants (N = 98) generated statements by responding to a prompt. Participants then sorted and rated each of the unique statements generated during brainstorming. Multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis were used to create a map of thematic clusters describing smokers' experiences. Mean cluster ratings were compared by reported success in quitting. Results: We identified 7 clusters. Mean cluster ratings ranged from 4.81 (SD = 0.64) for Positive Attributes to a low of 3.31 (SD = 0.78) for Health Concerns. The Positive Outcomes, Positive Attributes, and Positive Relationship clusters were rated higher among those who self-reported successfully quitting relative to non-successful quitters (p s <.05). Those who did not report quitting success rated the clusters related to limitations higher than self-reported quitters (ps <.05). Conclusions: Smokers who self-reported successful quitting had more positive experiences while vaping to quit than did those who failed to quit.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 2021

More about this publication?
  • Tobacco Regulatory Science (Electronic ISSN 2333-9748) is a rigorously peer-reviewed online scientific journal for the dissemination of research relevant to the regulation of tobacco products. The journal content includes a broad array of research domains, including chemistry, biology, behavior, community, and population-level surveillance and epidemiology, as well as knowledge syntheses (eg, meta-analyses or state-of-the-art reviews) and analytic modeling. All articles describe the policy relevance of the research outcomes. Given the global nature of tobacco regulation, particularly as a result of international and national policies, Tobacco Regulatory Science publishes high quality research that is relevant to global regulatory needs and requirements. Tobacco Regulatory Science is published electronically 6 times per year.
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