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Open Access Longitudinal Uses of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Objectives: The Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study is a nationally representative study of the US population on tobacco use and its effects on health, with 3 waves of data collection between 2013 and 2016. Prior work described the methods of the first wave. In this paper, we describe the methods of the subsequent 2 waves and provide recommendations for how to conduct longitudinal analyses of PATH Study data. Methods: We use standard survey quality metrics to evaluate the results of the follow-up waves of the PATH Study. The recommendations and examples of longitudinal and cross-sectional analyses of PATH Study data follow a design-based statistical inference framework. Results: The quality metrics indicate that the PATH Study sample of approximately 40,000 continuing respondents remains representative of its target population. Depending on the intended analysis, different survey weights may be appropriate. Conclusion: The PATH Study data are a valuable resource for regulatory scientists interested in longitudinal analysis of tobacco use and its effects on health. The availability of multiple sets of specialized survey weights enables researchers to target a wide range of tobacco-related analytic questions.

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Keywords: LONGITUDINAL STUDY; NONRESPONSE BIAS; RESPONSE RATES; SURVEY DATA; SURVEY WEIGHTS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Senior Statistician, Statistics and Evaluation Sciences, Westat, Rockville, MD, United States 2: Vice President, Statistics and Evaluation Sciences, Westat, Rockville, MD, United States 3: Associate Director, Statistics and Evaluation Sciences, Westat, Rockville, MD, United States 4: Nonresident Senior Statistical Fellow, Statistics and Evaluation Sciences, Westat, Rockville, MD, United States 5: Associate Director, Behavioral Health and Health Policy, Westat, Rockville, MD, United States 6: Vice President, Behavioral Health and Health Policy, Westat, Rockville, MD, United States 7: Chair, Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, United States

Publication date: January 2021

More about this publication?
  • Tobacco Regulatory Science (Electronic ISSN 2333-9748) is a rigorously peer-reviewed online scientific journal for the dissemination of research relevant to the regulation of tobacco products. The journal content includes a broad array of research domains, including chemistry, biology, behavior, community, and population-level surveillance and epidemiology, as well as knowledge syntheses (eg, meta-analyses or state-of-the-art reviews) and analytic modeling. All articles describe the policy relevance of the research outcomes. Given the global nature of tobacco regulation, particularly as a result of international and national policies, Tobacco Regulatory Science publishes high quality research that is relevant to global regulatory needs and requirements. Tobacco Regulatory Science is published electronically 6 times per year.
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