Affect Predicts Small Cigar Use in a National Sample of US Young Adults
Objectives. Affect is an important dimension of risk perceptions, which are proximal determinants of little cigar and cigarillo (LCC) smoking. We examined the association among affect, risk perceptions, and current LCC use and susceptibility in a national probability sample of US young adults, aged 18-29. Methods. Structural equation models examined the effect of affect, via risk perceptions, on LCC current use and susceptibility for 772 young adults who took the 2015 To- bacco Products and Risk Perceptions Survey, which asked about affect for images related to LCCs and health risks of daily LCC use. Results. Positive affect toward LCCs was associated with lower perceived risks of daily LCC smoking (p < .001). Lower perceived risks were associated with higher probability of current LCC smoking (p = .008) among young adults who were aware of LCCs and with susceptibility to use among young adult never LCC users (p < .001). A direct effect of positive affect on current LCC use (p < .02) and susceptibility to use LCCs also was found. Conclusions. Future research should investigate how regulatory policy or enforcement actions can be used to regulate LCC components (eg, flavoring, advertising, etc) that influence affect and risk perceptions.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 2019
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- Tobacco Regulatory Science (Electronic ISSN 2333-9748) is a rigorously peer-reviewed online scientific journal for the dissemination of research relevant to the regulation of tobacco products. The journal content includes a broad array of research domains, including chemistry, biology, behavior, community, and population-level surveillance and epidemiology, as well as knowledge syntheses (eg, meta-analyses or state-of-the-art reviews) and analytic modeling. All articles describe the policy relevance of the research outcomes. Given the global nature of tobacco regulation, particularly as a result of international and national policies, Tobacco Regulatory Science publishes high quality research that is relevant to global regulatory needs and requirements. Tobacco Regulatory Science is published electronically 6 times per year.
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