Did Slowdown on Taxes and Program Impact California's Smoking Decline?
Objective: In this paper, we examine whether a slowdown in implementing tobacco control policies in California after 2000 influenced trends in smoking behavior. Methods: We assessed the strength of state tobacco control policies using excise tax data (1990-2014), tobacco control expenditures per capita, and workplace and home smoking restrictions (from the Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey, 1992-2015). Smoking prevalence was assessed with the National Health Interview Survey, 1985-2015. We compared trends between California and the rest of the US using split regression models with a knot at 2000. Results: Throughout the 1990s, compared to the rest of the US, California had higher cigarette excise taxes, higher expenditures on tobacco control, more smoke-free workplaces, and more smokers with smoke-free homes. Except for smoke-free homes, these differences disappeared after 2000. During the 1990s, smoking prevalence declined much faster in California than in the rest of the US, but the decline slowed significantly after 2000. Conclusions: Smoking prevalence is sensitive to continued implementation of tobacco control policies.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2018
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- Tobacco Regulatory Science (Electronic ISSN 2333-9748) is a rigorously peer-reviewed online scientific journal for the dissemination of research relevant to the regulation of tobacco products. The journal content includes a broad array of research domains, including chemistry, biology, behavior, community, and population-level surveillance and epidemiology, as well as knowledge syntheses (eg, meta-analyses or state-of-the-art reviews) and analytic modeling. All articles describe the policy relevance of the research outcomes. Given the global nature of tobacco regulation, particularly as a result of international and national policies, Tobacco Regulatory Science publishes high quality research that is relevant to global regulatory needs and requirements. Tobacco Regulatory Science is published electronically 6 times per year.
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