Enforcement of Smoke/Tobacco-free Policies at Public Universities in the US
Objective: In this study, we examined how smoke/tobacco-free campuses are enforced at 4-year public universities in the United States. Methods: During September of 2016, smoke-free and tobacco-free policies of 4-year, public universities were located via the American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation and the College Navigator websites. Policies were categorized based upon those who were responsible for initially confronting policy violators, those who were responsible for receiving reports of policy violations, methods for reporting a violation, and the types of sanctions for violators. Results: Of 167 policies, most (62%) relied on the entire campus community (students, faculty, staff) to provide initial policy enforcement. The majority (59%) did not mention who would receive violation reports, only 15% included a detailed method for reporting a violation, and over one-third did not mention any sanctions for students, employees, or visitors. Conclusion: This study highlights the need for more specific and robust policy enforcement at smoke/tobacco-free universities.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: July 1, 2018
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- Tobacco Regulatory Science (Electronic ISSN 2333-9748) is a rigorously peer-reviewed online scientific journal for the dissemination of research relevant to the regulation of tobacco products. The journal content includes a broad array of research domains, including chemistry, biology, behavior, community, and population-level surveillance and epidemiology, as well as knowledge syntheses (eg, meta-analyses or state-of-the-art reviews) and analytic modeling. All articles describe the policy relevance of the research outcomes. Given the global nature of tobacco regulation, particularly as a result of international and national policies, Tobacco Regulatory Science publishes high quality research that is relevant to global regulatory needs and requirements. Tobacco Regulatory Science is published electronically 6 times per year.
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