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Self-perceived Mental Health and Population-level Tobacco Use Disparities

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Objectives: Poor mental health is associated with increased cigarette smoking, yet whether this extends to alternative tobacco product use remains unknown. Methods: Wave 1 data from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study assessed relationships between self-perceived mental health (SPMH) and prevalence of and motives for tobacco use among US adults (N = 32,320). Results: Fair/poor SPMH, as compared to good/excellent SPMH, was associated with increased current cigarette (AOR = 2.91, 95% CI = 2.64, 3.20), e-cigarette (AOR = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.20, 1.53), cigarillo (AOR = 1.38, 95% CI = 1.22, 1.56), filtered cigar (AOR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.21, 1.70), and smokeless tobacco (AOR = 1.17, 95% CI = 1.01, 1.36), but not traditional cigar use (AOR = 1.04, 95% CI = 0.90, 1.20). Whereas most motives for tobacco use were similar across SPMH rating, those with fair/poor SPMH, as compared to good/excellent SPMH, were more likely to report using traditional cigars due to affordability (AOR = 1.56, 95% CI = 1.23, 1.98) and e-cigarettes (AOR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.15, 1.79) and smokeless tobacco (AOR = 1.84, 95% CI = 1.19, 2.83) due to appealing advertising. Conclusions: Although individuals with poor SPMH are more likely to use alternative tobacco products than those with better SPMH, most motives for use are strikingly similar. These findings highlight the importance of continual monitoring of tobacco use trends among vulnerable populations.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 July 2018

More about this publication?
  • Tobacco Regulatory Science (Electronic ISSN 2333-9748) is a rigorously peer-reviewed online scientific journal for the dissemination of research relevant to the regulation of tobacco products. The journal content includes a broad array of research domains, including chemistry, biology, behavior, community, and population-level surveillance and epidemiology, as well as knowledge syntheses (eg, meta-analyses or state-of-the-art reviews) and analytic modeling. All articles describe the policy relevance of the research outcomes. Given the global nature of tobacco regulation, particularly as a result of international and national policies, Tobacco Regulatory Science publishes high quality research that is relevant to global regulatory needs and requirements. Tobacco Regulatory Science is published electronically 6 times per year.
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