Assessing Smoking Cessation Messages with a Discrete Choice Experiment
Objectives: Our aim was to identify message characteristics for cigarette pack inserts that aim to help smokers quit. Methods: US adult smokers from an online consumer panel (N = 665) participated in a discrete choice experiment with a 2x2x2x2x4 within-subjects balanced incomplete block design, manipulating: image (vs no image), text type (testimonial vs informational), cessation resource information (vs none), call to action (vs none), and message topic (well-being, financial benefit, cravings, social support). Participants evaluated 9 choice sets, each with 4 inserts, selecting: (1) the most and least helpful for quitting; and (2) the most and least motivating to quit. Linear models regressed choices on insert characteristics, controlling for sociodemographics and smoking-related variables. We assessed interactions between insert characteristics and smoker attributes (ie, education, quit intention, self-efficacy). Results: Inserts were most helpful and motivating when they included an image, provided cessation resource information, or referenced well-being and financial benefits. Significant interactions indicated that inserts with cessation resource information were relatively more helpful and motivating among smokers with low self-efficacy, an intention to quit, or lower education. Conclusion: Cigarette pack inserts with imagery and cessation resource information may be particularly effective in promoting smoking cessation.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2018
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- Tobacco Regulatory Science (Electronic ISSN 2333-9748) is a rigorously peer-reviewed online scientific journal for the dissemination of research relevant to the regulation of tobacco products. The journal content includes a broad array of research domains, including chemistry, biology, behavior, community, and population-level surveillance and epidemiology, as well as knowledge syntheses (eg, meta-analyses or state-of-the-art reviews) and analytic modeling. All articles describe the policy relevance of the research outcomes. Given the global nature of tobacco regulation, particularly as a result of international and national policies, Tobacco Regulatory Science publishes high quality research that is relevant to global regulatory needs and requirements. Tobacco Regulatory Science is published electronically 6 times per year.
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