Receptivity of Young Adult Hookah Users to Health Warning Labels
Objectives: We examined the receptivity of non-college young adult hookah users to health warning labels. Methods: We conducted in-person qualitative interviews with 23 hookah users, aged 18-29 in Austin, Texas, who were not currently enrolled in college/university. Data were transcribed, coded, and thematically analyzed using NVivo Pro, version 11. Results: Gaps in knowledge were evident regarding the level of chemical exposure, cancer risks, and negative health consequences of hookah use. Respondents preferred warning labels that factually listed health consequences rather than labels that used "sensationalistic" wording (eg, "kills") or technical terms. Participants thought placement of hookah warning labels would be most effective on product packaging or on the door of establishments selling hookah. Respondents thought most of the warning labels would be effective in deterring hookah use; however, the majority stated they would likely continue to use hookah over the next year. Conclusions: Non-college-attending young adult hookah users preferred hookah health warning labels that are simple, factual, informative, and non-sensationalistic. These results may inform regulations regarding the packaging of tobacco products, specifically in the design and placement of warning labels, which may result in better user message receptivity.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 January 2018
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- Tobacco Regulatory Science (Electronic ISSN 2333-9748) is a rigorously peer-reviewed online scientific journal for the dissemination of research relevant to the regulation of tobacco products. The journal content includes a broad array of research domains, including chemistry, biology, behavior, community, and population-level surveillance and epidemiology, as well as knowledge syntheses (eg, meta-analyses or state-of-the-art reviews) and analytic modeling. All articles describe the policy relevance of the research outcomes. Given the global nature of tobacco regulation, particularly as a result of international and national policies, Tobacco Regulatory Science publishes high quality research that is relevant to global regulatory needs and requirements. Tobacco Regulatory Science is published electronically 6 times per year.
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