Tobacco-related Poison Events Involving Young Children in the US, 2001-2016
Objective: In this paper, we describe trends in tobacco-related poison exposure calls (calls) involving young children in the US. Methods: Data were from the National Poison Data System between January 1, 2001 and October 31, 2016. We analyzed data on calls involving children younger than 5 years old. We describe trends in calls over time and call frequency by age, tobacco product type, level of care, and other characteristics of calls. Results: During 2001-2016, there were 123,876 calls involving young children. During the study period, calls increased for most product types; e-cigarette-related calls increased from 7 in 2010 to 2558 in 2015. In calls with information on level of care (92.2%), 278 children were admitted to an intensive care unit, 497 were admitted to a hospital noncritical care unit, and 19,834 were treated and released. Conclusions: Tobacco-related poison events commonly occur in the US and can have serious health consequences. More than 123,000 events among young children were reported during 2001-2016, but this likely represents a small portion of actual tobacco-related poison events due to underreporting. It is critical to continue to monitor tobacco-related poison events and develop strategies to prevent tobacco-related harm.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 October 2017
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- Tobacco Regulatory Science (Electronic ISSN 2333-9748) is a rigorously peer-reviewed online scientific journal for the dissemination of research relevant to the regulation of tobacco products. The journal content includes a broad array of research domains, including chemistry, biology, behavior, community, and population-level surveillance and epidemiology, as well as knowledge syntheses (eg, meta-analyses or state-of-the-art reviews) and analytic modeling. All articles describe the policy relevance of the research outcomes. Given the global nature of tobacco regulation, particularly as a result of international and national policies, Tobacco Regulatory Science publishes high quality research that is relevant to global regulatory needs and requirements. Tobacco Regulatory Science is published electronically 6 times per year.
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