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Free Content Extreme child poverty and the role of social policy in the United States

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This paper applies improved household income data to reevaluate the levels, trends, composition, and role of social policy in extreme child poverty in the US from 1997 to 2015. We adjust for benefit underreporting and incorporate the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP). This reduces the share of children below $2 per day from 1.8 per cent to 0.1 per cent in 2015. However, survey data omits the 1.3 million homeless children. Unlike prior literature's focus on single motherhood, citizenship status is more consequential to extreme poverty. We also demonstrate that increases in SNAP generosity and take-up enabled declines in three measures of extreme child poverty.

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Keywords: CHILD POVERTY; EXTREME POVERTY; SOCIAL POLICY; WELFARE REFORM

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: [email protected] be 2: Email: [email protected]

Publication date: February, 2019

This article was made available online on February 19, 2019 as a Fast Track article with title: "Extreme child poverty and the role of social policy in the United States".

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