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Free Content Transfer of chicken immunoglobulin Y (IgY) from the hen to the chick

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Chicks depend on maternal antibodies as the main source of passive natural humoral protection until they become immunocompetent. Immunoglobulin Y (IgY), the avian homologue of mammalian IgG is transferred from the circulation of the hen into the egg yolk and then absorbed by the embryo. In the post-hatching period, protein integrity within the yolk sac is critical for normal absorption of the yolk sac content and for IgY transfer to the circulation of the chick. Factors affecting transfer of IgY to the chick may threaten the chick's immune status and increase disease susceptibility during the early post-hatching period. Here we review basic concepts of IgY with special emphasis on the mechanisms of IgY transfer to egg yolk and yolk sac during embryonic development and first days post-hatching.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2012

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  • Science Reviews 2000 is pleased to announce that Avian Biology Research has been acquired by SAGE Publishing as of 7th December 2018. For more information, please visit

    Avian Biology Research provides a forum for the publication of research in every field of ornithology. It covers all aspects of pure and applied ornithology for wild or captive species as well as research that does not readily fit within the publication objectives of other ornithological journals. By considering a wide range of research fields for publication, Avian Biology Research provides a forum for people working in every field of ornithology. The journal also includes sections on avian news, conference diary and book reviews.

    Editor-in-Chief: Charles Deeming Editors: Tom Pike; Dale Sandercock; Claudia Wascher; Josh Firth; David Wilkinson; Jim Reynolds Production Editor: Claire Pike

    Cover image: Satyr Tragopan (Tragopan satyra). Credit: jurra8/

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