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Assessing Resilience in Preschool Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence

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This study examined why some preschool-age children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) showed deleterious outcomes and others appeared more resilient. Resilience, conceptualized as strengths in emotion regulation and prosocial skills, was evaluated using the Social Competence Scale developed by the Conduct Problem Prevention Research Group. The sample consisted of 56 mothers and their 4- to 6-year-old children exposed to IPV within the past 2 years. After controlling for relevant demographic factors, hierarchical regression analyses indicated that better parenting performance, fewer maternal mental health problems, and less severe violence exposure predicted better emotion regulation and prosocial skill scores, which in turn were negatively correlated with maladaptive child behaviors. These findings can be used to inform and enhance clinical services for children exposed to IPV.
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Keywords: CHILD ADJUSTMENT; COMPETENCE; DOMESTIC VIOLENCE; EMOTION REGULATION; PROTECTIVE FACTORS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2010

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