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Modified Breastfeeding Attrition Prediction Tool: Prenatal and Postpartum Tests

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In earlier studies, the Breastfeeding Attrition Prediction Tool (BAPT) demonstrated predictive validity in the postpartum period. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a modified version of the BAPT when given in the last trimester (BAPT1) and following delivery (BAPT2) in predicting breastfeeding attrition among 117 women who planned to breastfeed for at least 8 weeks. Subjects completed the BAPT during a prenatal breastfeeding class and again at delivery, and they received a phone call at 8 weeks to determine breastfeeding status. In this study, neither of the two administrations of the BAPT was predictive of breastfeeding status at 8 weeks. Findings here may differ because subjects in the current study were all committed enough to attend breastfeeding class and, thus, varied less on commitment than women in earlier studies. Significant associations were found with level of education and having a close relative who breastfed. To assist the perinatal educator in identifying women most at risk for early cessation of breastfeeding, the use of three questions regarding level of education, family support, and breastfeeding preparation is suggested.
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Keywords: breastfeeding; education; ethnicity; lactation; relative

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Marilyn Evans and Margaret Dick are associate professors in the School of Nursing at The University of North Carolina at Greensboro. 2: Lynne Lewallen is an assistant professor in the School of Nursing at The University of North Carolina at Greensboro. 3: Cynthia Jeffrey is a Major in the United States Air Force Nurse Corps

Publication date: December 1, 2004

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