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Care of the Neonate on Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure: A Bedside Guide

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Respiratory distress continues to be a major cause of neonatal morbidity. Current neonatal practice recommends the use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in the immediate resuscitation and continued support of neonates of all gestations with clinical manifestations of respiratory distress. Despite the many short- and long-term benefits of nCPAP, many neonatal care units have met resistance in its routine use. Although there have been numerous recent publications investigating the use and outcomes of various modes of nCPAP delivery, surfactant administration, mechanical ventilation, and other forms of noninvasive respiratory support (high-flow nasal cannula, nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation), there has been a relative lack of publications addressing the practical bedside care of infants managed on nCPAP. Effective use of nCPAP requires a coordinated interprofessional team approach, ongoing assessment of the neonate, troubleshooting the nCPAP circuit, and parent education.
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Keywords: HEATED HUMIDIFIED HIGH-FLOW NASAL CANNULA; HHHFNC; NCPAP; NICU; NURSING CARE; RESPIRATORY DISTRESS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University at Buffalo SUNY, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: January 1, 2018

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