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Understanding Triglyceride Levels Related to Intravenous Fat Administration

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Lipid is an essential macronutrient in parenteral nutrition (PN) support. intravenous (IV) lipid provides essential fatty acids and a concentrated calorie source. Preterm infants are at risk for essential fatty deficiency early in life. Lipid administration is associated with some risks, and there are guidelines for administration to minimize complications. Lipid emulsions in the United States are derived from soybean oil. Outside of the United States, lipid emulsions made from fish oil or combinations of fish, soybean, olive, and medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are under investigation for improved tolerance, lower plasma lipid levels, and improved fatty acid profiles, all of which are considered beneficial. Triglyceride levels are an important measurement to assess patient tolerance.
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Keywords: PNALD-parenteral nutrition associated liver disease; cholestasis; lipid; lipid emulsions; triglyceride levels; triglycerides/neonates

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2014

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