THE INCIDENCE OF NEONATAL seizures varies according to gestational age, weight, and cause. Seizures occur in an estimated 1.0-3.5 per 1,000 term infants1 with an increased incidence of 10-130/1,000 in preterm infants.2 Most neonatal seizures have a specific cause.3 Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy has been identified as the most common etiology associated with neonatal seizures, accounting for 50-60 percent of the cases.4 Table 1 outlines common causes of neonatal seizures. Early recognition of seizures and appropriate treatment is vital in preventing multiorgan dysfunction and permanent brain damage.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: July 1, 2013
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