Transient Myeloproliferative Disorder Associated with Trisomy 21
Transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD) is a spontaneously resolving condition affecting infants born with trisomy 21 syndrome. Although TMD is rather rare among infants with trisomy 21, its ramifications can become severe enough that neonatal nurses should be aware of the condition, its manifestations, and its management. The spectrum of TMD presentation ranges from subtle blastemia in an otherwise healthy infant to severe, life-threatening expression of the disease. TMD may be a precursor to congenital leukemia—thus, the importance of nurses' becoming aware of this condition. This article addresses the pathology of TMD, case reports in the literature, potential complications of the disorder, and nursing implications. A case study of an infant with dermatologic manifestations of TMD is presented, including history, differential diagnoses, treatment, and follow-up.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2007
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