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Vitamin A and Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: Research, Issues, and Clinical Practice

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Vitamin A is a crucial antioxidant for preterm infants because it protects the lungs from oxidative damage induced by the administration of supplemental oxygen. Although all preterm infants are born with smaller vitamin A stores than full-term infants, the store of vitamin A in preterm infants at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is often especially deficient. Despite the increases in plasma vitamin A concentrations that have been achieved with vitamin A supplementation, only modest improvements in clinical outcomes and incidence of BPD have been noted in this population. This article reviews the research on vitamin A supplementation for preterm infants, as well as the issues and clinical implications associated with this intervention.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2004

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