Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a term that is used to describe the presence of multiple joint contractures at birth. AMC can be seen singularly or in conjunction with other abnormalities. Historically, the term arthrogryposis was used as a disease diagnosis, but it is now clear that AMC is not a disease entity but a syndrome, involving a manifestation of many fetal and neonatal disorders of the neuromuscular system. Its etiology is multifocal, and there is a wide variation in the degree to which muscles and joints are affected. Early identification and implementation of a plan of therapy are essential. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the AMC syndrome, specifically, clinical features, etiology, diagnosis, therapeutic interventions, family support, and outcomes.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2001
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