Complete Congenital Heart Block: A Review and Case Study
Complete congenital heart block (CCHB) is a rare disease of the newborn that carries significant morbidity and mortality. It generally occurs as a result of the presence of maternal autoantibodies that are transferred to the fetus and affect the fetal heart, or it may be associated with a congenital structural abnormality of the heart.
Infants with CCHB are at risk for diminished cardiac output and the subsequent development of congestive heart failure. Many infants require the placement of a cardiac pacemaker.
It is essential that the nurse caring for these infants have a good understanding of the disease process and be familiar with the unique problems that these infants and their families may encounter.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 1999
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