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Group CBT Versus Supportive Therapy With Patients Who Have Primary Breast Cancer

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The psychological effects of two group therapy intervention models with newly diagnosed primary breast cancer patients were evaluated. Sixty women were randomized to attend either 12 sessions of group Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) or a supportive therapy group. Self-report psychological assessments were completed before and after therapy, and at 4 months follow-up. In the period following therapy, patients in both groups showed significant reductions in depression, quality of life and self-esteem relative to their baseline scores. Patients in the CBT group also showed significant improvements in quality of life and self-esteem relative to those in the supportive therapy group. These differences were no longer apparent at the 4-month follow-up. The findings suggest that a group CBT intervention generates greater short-term benefits than a supportive therapy group among primary breast cancer patients. Some limitations of the design are discussed.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: 1: University of Technology, Sydney, Australia 2: Royal North Shore Hospital, St. Leonards, Australia

Publication date: January 1, 1999

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