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Sexual Communication Among Young Adult Heterosexual Latinos: A Qualitative Descriptive Study

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Sexual communication between sexual partners is an important component in prevention efforts against unintended consequences of sex. The purpose of this study was to describe sexual communication among young adult Latinos. Four semistructured, sex-segregated focus groups were used for this study. Participants ( = 20) were 18–30 years old self-identified Latinos who were in heterosexual and sexually active relationships (more than 3 months). Participants revealed that initial sexual communication with their partners was avoided related to a lack of interest in a partner's sexual history, feeling embarrassed about the topic, or concern for offending one's partner or partner's family. As a result of these beliefs and attitudes, initial sexual communication was nonverbal and focused on sexual pleasure. After the initiation of sexual activity, verbal sexual communication expanded to include sexual history. These findings highlight the importance of attitudes and subjective norms toward verbal sexual communication. Attitudes and subjective norms toward sexual communication in the context of a romantic relationship and how it may impact sexual behavior in the relationship should be further explored.

Spanish
La comunicación sexual entre parejas es un componente importante en la prevención de situaciones no deseadas relacionadas con el sexo. El objetivo de este estudio es describir la comunicación sexual entre jóvenes latinos. Cuatro grupos focales fueron realizados con 20 jóvenes latinos entre 18 a 30 años de edad y en una relación sexual con alguien del sexo opuesto. Los participantes expresaron que al inicio de la relación la comunicación sexual con sus parejas fue evitada por: falta de interés en la historia sexual de su pareja, sentir vergüenza al hablar sobre el tema, o por miedo de ofender su pareja o su familia. Como resultado de estas creencias y actitudes, la comunicación sexual al inicio era no verbal y enfocada en la satisfacción sexual. Luego la comunicación se expandió a incluir a la historia sexual de la pareja. Los resultados de este estudio reflejan la importancia de las actitudes y normas subjetivas relacionadas con la comunicación sexual verbal. Las actitudes y normas subjetivas relacionadas con la comunicación sexual en el contexto de una relación romántica y como esto impacta la conducta sexual en la relación de pareja necesita ser investigada.
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Keywords: BARRIERS; FACILITATORS; LATINOS; SEXUAL COMMUNICATION; YOUNG ADULTS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: George Washington University, USA

Publication date: September 1, 2013

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