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A Concept Analysis of Empowerment: Its Relationship to HIV/AIDS Prevention in Latino Women

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The purpose of this article is to clarify the concept of empowerment and its relationship to HIV/AIDS prevention in Latino women. Following a literature review, Walker and Avant (1995) methodology for concept analysis was used as a guideline to analyze the concept of empowerment. Antecedents, attributes, and consequences of empowerment were found and related to HIV/AIDS prevention among Latino women. Supported by the richness of fieldwork, different cases were developed seeking clarification of the concept for readers. Empowerment is a multidimensional and complex concept that can be applied to different perspectives and settings. It is useful in HIV/AIDS prevention with Latino women because Latino society and its traditions "disempower" women. It is important to translate this concept, empowerment, into Spanish in order for clients and health professionals to use it in the same context. We propose the use of a Spanish term, reforzar el poder personal, which in English means: to improve personal power. The antecedents, attributes, and consequences of empowerment identified in this analysis facilitate the understanding and clarification of this concept, and facilitate its use in culturally sensitive HIV/AIDS prevention programs for Latino women.

El propósito de este manuscrito es clarificar el concepto de empowerment y su relatión con la prevención de VIH/SIDA en mujeres Latinas. Luego de revisar la literatura, la metodología de Walker y Avant (1995) fue utilizada como guía para analizar el concepto de empowerment. Antecedentes, atributos y consecuencias de empowerment fueron encontrados estableciéndose la relation con prevention de VIH/SIDA en mujeres Latinas. Avalado por la riqueza del trabajo de campo diferentes casos fueron creados como ejemplos para los lectores. Empowerment es un concepto multidimensional y complejo que puede ser definido y utilizado desde diferentes perspectivas y escenarios. Representa una muy buena estrategia para ser utilizada en la prevención de VIH/SIDA en mujeres Latinas, considerando que la sociedad Latina y sus tradiciones generalmente no refurzan el poder personal de las mujeres. Es importante traducir el concepto de empowerment al español, de tal modo que los clientes y profesionales de la salud puedan utilizar este concepto en el mismo contexto. Proponemos utilizar en Español: reforzar el poder personal, que en Ingles se traduce: to improve personal power. Los antecedentes, atributos, y consecuencias de empowerment identificados en este análisis facilitan su entendimiento clarifican el uso de este concepto en programas de prevención de VIH/SIDA culturalmente sensibles para la mujer Latina.
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Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: 1: University of Illinois at Chicago Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile 2: University of Miami, FL

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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