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Using a Mobile Application for Real-Time Collection of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery within an ERAS® Pathway

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Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are essential for patient-centered health care. This pilot study implemented a mobile application customized to an hepatopancreatobiliary Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) program—a novel environment—for real-time collection of PROs, including ERAS® pathway compliance. Patients undergoing hepatectomy, distal pancreatectomy, or pancreaticoduodenectomy through the ERAS® program were prospectively enrolled over 10 months. The application provided education and questionnaires before surgery through 30 days postdischarge. Thresholds were set for initial adoption of the application (75%), PRO response rate (50%), and patient satisfaction (75%). Daily postdischarge health checks integrated customized responses to guide out-of-hospital care. Of 165 enrolled patients, 122 met inclusion criteria. Application adoption was 93 per cent (114/122) and in-hospital engagement remained high at 88 per cent (107/122). Patients completed 62 per cent of PRO on quality of life, postoperative pain, nausea, opioid consumption, and compliance to ERAS® pathway items, including ambulation and breathing exercises. During postcharge tracking, 12 patients reported that the application prevented a phone call to the hospital and three patients reported prevention of an emergency room visit. PRO collection through this mobile device created an integrated platform for comprehensive perioperative care, patient-initiated outcome tracking with automatic reporting, and real-time feedback for process change. Improving proactive outpatient management of complex patients through mobile technology could help restructure health-care delivery and improve resource utilization for all patients.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2019

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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