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Transanal Total Mesorectal Excision (taTME) for Rectal Cancer: A Case Series Report of a Natural Orifice Surgical Technique

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In the treatment of colorectal cancer, total mesorectal excision (TME) has risen as the gold standard in the surgical treatment of this disease in order to obtain negative distal and circumferential radial margins. Since introduction in 2010, transanal TME has aimed to decrease the rate of positive margins and improve the quality of the dissection while decreasing the complications associated with a transabdominal low pelvic dissection. We retrospectively reviewed 25 cases of transanal TME completed between December 2014 and August 2017. Most of the patients in our case series were male (60%) with an average age of 57.1 years, BMI of 28.4 kg/m2, and with an American Society of Anesthesiologists score of II. The average tumor was midrectal (about 5.9 cm from the anal verge), clinically T3-T4 (92%), and had undergone neoadjuvant therapy (96%). The average operation was about six hours and 44 minutes with ileostomy placed most of the time (92%). In all the cases where the TME quality was graded, the specimens were reported to have been complete (grade I). There were no positive distal, radial, or proximal margins. The average hospital stay was about 5.9 days. The rate of minor complications was about 48 per cent and major complications occurred about 16 per cent of the time.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2018

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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