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High-Risk Colorectal Surgery: What Are the Outcomes for Geriatric Patients?

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The population is aging and more geriatric patients are undergoing surgery. The national burden and age-specific outcomes of previously defined high-risk colorectal procedures (HRCP) remain unknown. Using the 2014 National Inpatient Sample, patients were stratified into nongeriatric (NG, <65 years), younger geriatric (YG, 65‐79 years), and older geriatric (OG, ≥80 years) cohorts. Cases were grouped into nonelective admissions (NA) and elective admissions (EA). Nationally representative outcomes were compared across age group and admission type. Of 215,425 patients undergoing HRCP, 47.3 per cent were ≥65 years. During NA and EA, inpatient mortality, discharge to nursing facility, and median postoperative length of stay increased with each increasing age category (P < 0.001). Outcomes during NA were worse than EA in all age groups (P < 0.001). For example, rates of discharge to nursing facility were 13.4 per cent NG, 39.4 per cent YG, and 64.7 per cent OG during; NA and 3.1 per cent NG, 13.3 per cent YG, and 34 per cent OG during EA. During NA and EA, cost was equal in YG and OG but greater than in NG. Outcomes after HRCP are worse for older patients and for nonelective cases. This information can inform preoperative counseling and targeted quality improvement projects. Further work is needed to understand geriatric-specific risk factors and outcomes to provide high-quality patient-centered care.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2018

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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