Menopausal Status and Outcomes of BRCA Mutation Carriers with Breast Cancer
Outcomes based on menopausal status of breast cancer (BC) patients who are BRCA mutations carriers (BRCAm) are not well known. A prospective database identified 88 BRCAm with BC from 2005 to 2015. Of the 88 patients, 68 (77.3%) women were premenopausal (Pre-M) and 20 (22.7%) were postmenopausal (Post-M). In the Pre-M group, 52.9 per cent of patients had triple-negative (TN) BC, whereas in the Post-M group, there were more estrogen receptor +(65%; P = 0.129) and less TN (25%; P = 0.041) tumors. Median tumor size was significantly larger in the Pre-M group compared with the Post-M group (P <0.001). Pre-M women were more likely to present with stage III cancers (14.7% vs 0%, respectively, P = 0.082). Ten-year overall survival was 87.9 per cent in the Pre-M group and 93.8 per cent in the Post-M group (P = 0.44), and 25.3 per cent of Pre-M women had recurrences compared with 11.5 per cent of Post-M women (P = 0.24). Premenopausal BRCAm with BC are more likely to have TN, higher stage disease, and twice the number of recurrences at 10 years than Post-M BRCAm. Our study is the first to show worse BC outcomes for Pre-M BRCAm compared with Post-M BRCAm women.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2018
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