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Can Selective Image-Guided Intraoperative Margin Resection Improve Re-Excision Rates after Lumpectomy in Ductal Carcinoma In Situ of the Breast?

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The rate of positive margins after breast conserving surgery (BCS) can be as high as 50 per cent, and optimal techniques for reducing rates of positive margins are presently debated. Our institution has previously demonstrated low rates of margin re-excision using a standardized approach to intraoperative selective margin excision for patients undergoing BCS. We hypothesized that this approach can be used for patients with ductal carcinoma In Situ (DCIS) and can yield similar rates when compared with invasive cancer. We performed a retrospective analysis of women with breast cancer who underwent BCS from January 2012 through July 2016 using our institution’s standardized approach to selective margin resection. Of the 152 patients who underwent BCS, there were 30 (20%) with DCIS and 122 (80%) with invasive cancer. There was no statistically significant difference in re-excision rates for DCIS (13.3%) and invasive cancer (13.1%). Notably, the DCIS group had a larger mean lesion size (P = 0.00009); however, the lesion was visible on ultrasound more often in the invasive cancer group (P = 0.007). This standardized approach to intraoperative selective margin excision can produce similar rates of margin re-excision for DCIS and invasive cancer and may be a viable option for lowering re-excision rates for patients with DCIS.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2018

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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