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The Effect of Insurance and Race on Breast Cancer Tumor Biology and Short-Term Outcomes

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To determine whether low-income status as demonstrated by insurance type has any association with aggressive tumor biology and breast cancer outcomes. Retrospective review of 535 women with new diagnosis of breast cancer from January 2009 to March 2013 was performed. There was no significant association between race and stage at diagnosis. Women with Medicaid/Charity coverage were diagnosed at more advanced stages, more likely to have triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), and had longer time to treatment. Rate of TNBC was higher in black women and younger patients. There was no significant difference in breast cancer recurrence or survival by race, insurance type, age, or tumor biology. In multivariable analysis, only black race (P = 0.003) and Medicaid/Charity Insurance (P = 0.0008) were the most significant predictors of TNBC. Presentation of aggressive tumor biology and advanced stage is strongly associated with socioeconomic factors as reflected by Medicaid funding and lack of insurance.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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