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Gastroduodenal Surgery: A Persistent and Continuing Challenge

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The number of patients being treated surgically for gastroduodenal disease has decreased over the past five decades as a result of focus on medical treatment. However, perforated and bleeding peptic ulcer disease (PUD) continues to represent a significant percentage of patients who require emergency surgery. The aim of this study was to characterize these critically ill surgical patients treated for gastroduodenal disease in our hospital. A retrospective, single-center, consecutive cohort study of all patients identified from the hospital National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database who were admitted to our institution requiring emergent surgical intervention over the past two years was conducted. Of 423 patients, 33 (7.8%) had operative procedures for complications of PUD, of which 19 patients (57.6%) had perforation; nine patients (27.3%) had hemorrhage; one patient (3.0%) had both perforation and hemorrhage; two patients (6.1%) had distal gastrectomies for ulcers refractory to medical management alone, and two patients (6.1%) had gastrectomies for malignant gastric neoplasms. There is a significant population of patients who present with life-threatening complications of PUD, despite the decline in PUD worldwide. These patients are critically ill and require careful and diligent management for good outcomes.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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