Iatrogenic Incarcerated Diaphragmatic Hernia after Nissen Fundoplication
Postoperative iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernias have been reported sparingly after several thoracic and abdominal surgeries. Although rare, a delay in diagnosis can lead to life-threatening cases of strangulation or perforation, as well as cardiovascular and respiratory insufficiency. This is a case of a 78-year-old female who developed acute obstructive symptoms secondary to herniation of the distal stomach through a defect in the central tendon of the diaphragm. The diaphragmatic defect was presumed to be iatrogenically acquired after Nissen fundoplication one year prior. Other etiologies were not as likely considering that she had never had any trauma to her chest or abdomen and had no history suggestive of a congenital nature for the diaphragmatic hernia. The hernia was successfully decompressed laparoscopically with the stomach having ischemic changes along the greater curvature, necessitating gastric wedge resection. The diaphragmatic defect, which was lengthened to reduce the edematous incarcerated stomach, was repaired primarily. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course. This case highlights the potential complication of incarcerated diaphragmatic hernia after Nissen fundoplication. Late diagnosis of iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernias is frequent because of nonspecific symptoms and surgery is indicated at the time of diagnosis.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: July 1, 2018
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