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The Impact of CPR in High-Risk Donation after Circulatory Death Donors and Extended Criteria Donors for Kidney Transplantation

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The demand for organs for kidney transplantation (KTX) compels the use of high-risk donation after circulatory death donors (DCDs) and extended criteria donors (ECDs). Many deceased donors receive prehospital CPR, but the literature does not address CPR as a benefit to graft survival. We hypothesized that donor prehospital CPR correlates with improved graft survival with high-risk DCD/ECD kidneys. We retrospectively analyzed KTX recipients and their donor data from 2008 to 2013. A total of 646 cadaveric donors (498 SCDs, 55 DCDs, and 93 ECDs) facilitated 910 KTX. There were 223 KTX performed from 148 high-risk DCDs/ECDs (31 with CPR and 117 without CPR). The mean age of high-risk DCDs/ECDs with CPR was 44.94 versus 53.45 years without CPR (P = 0.005). The recipients of high-risk DCDs/ECDs revealed no significant difference in body mass index, length of stay, discharge Cr, CIT, or DGF with and without CPR. Graft survival at three years was significant with 0/50 failures from high-risk DCDs/ECDs with CPR versus 16/173 without CPR (P = 0.026). Our findings are limited as a single-center retrospective study; however, the result of significant three-year graft survival in high-risk DCDs/ECDs with CPR suggests that prehospital donor CPR should be further investigated for its contribution to the relative quality of the donor.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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