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Improving Surveillance of Traumatic Thoracic Aortic Injuries Repaired with Thoracic Endovascular Graft Placement

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The optimal follow-up protocol for patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for traumatic thoracic aortic injury remains unclear. The objective of this study was to assess follow-up patterns in such patients and present an approach to improve long-term follow-up in this cohort. The University of Louisville Trauma Registry was queried for patients who underwent TEVAR for traumatic thoracic aortic injuries between 2006 and 2016. Demographic, injury-specific, perioperative, and outcome measures were recorded for each patient. Follow-up evaluation and duration of follow-up were captured. Follow-up imaging was reviewed for any evidence of vascular complications. A total of 56 patients underwent TEVAR for traumatic thoracic aortic injury. Median age was 48 (range 18‐86). Injury mechanism was largely blunt trauma (55 (98%)). Median injury severity score was 34 (range 17‐43). Median length of stay was 12.5 days (range 1‐40 days), and 51 patients (91%) survived to discharge. Of these, 30 (54%) made at least one follow-up appointment, and 21 of those 30 (70%) received a follow-up CT scan. Median time to last follow-up was one month (range 0‐48 months), with 12 patients (21%) having follow-up beyond two months. No patients demonstrated any evidence of vascular complications on imaging at last follow-up. Despite the increased use of TEVAR to treat traumatic aortic injuries, limited follow-up data exist to predict the long-term outcomes of such interventions. Development of statewide or regional databases may help better track outcomes and identify late complications.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: From the *Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky and 2: †Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama

Publication date: July 1, 2018

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