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Addition of Mesh Reinforcement for Pancreatic Stump and Braun Enteroenterostomy after Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Single Institution Experience

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The morbidity rate after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) remains high and a modified digestive reconstruction may affect the postoperative complications. We investigated a new modification of PD by adding mesh reinforcement for the pancreatic stump and Braun enteroenterostomy with the aim of reducing postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and delayed gastric emptying (DGE), respectively. From November 2010 to April 2015, 81 consecutive patients who underwent modified PD were retrospectively reviewed. The clinically relevant POPF and DGE rates were 4.9 and 6.1 per cent, respectively. The overall mortality rate was 2.4 per cent. The incidence of overall postoperative complications was 46.9 per cent, with 17.2 per cent considered as major complications (Clavien grades 3‐5). The median postoperative length of hospital stay was 17 days (range 10‐119 days). For patients who had major complications, median postoperative length of hospital stay increased significantly (22 vs 13 days, P = 0.001), as compared with those patients with no complications. The new modified digestive reconstruction after PD seems safe and reliable with low clinically relevant POPF and DGE rates. Further prospective controlled trials are essential to support these results.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Publication date: March 1, 2018

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