Feasibility of Prophylactic Pancreatojejunostomy in Possible High-Risk Patients for Prevention of Pancreatic Fistula during Enucleation or Limited Pancreatic Resection
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of prophylactic pancreatojejunostomy after enucleation or limited pancreatic resection regarding the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula (PF). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 32 patients who underwent enucleation or limited pancreatic resection and compared the clinical parameters between patients with (n = 10) and without (n = 22) prophylactic pancreatojejunostomy. Prophylactic pancreatojejunostomy was performed in patients with a possible high risk ofPF. No operation-related mortality occurred. Operation time was significantly longer (P < 0.01) and blood loss significantly greater (P < 0.01) in patients with pancreatojejunostomy. Overall complications were more frequent (P = 0.02) and postoperative hospital stay was significantly longer (P = 0.02) in patients with pancreatojejunostomy. However, other assessed factors including the prevalence of postoperative PF did not differ between groups. In conclusion, prophylactic pancreatojejunostomy is feasible, and its efficacy in preventing PF after enucleation or limited pancreatic resection in high-risk patients will require further study.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2018
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