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Impact of Trauma-Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists Team on Intra-Operative Resuscitation and Postoperative Outcomes of Trauma Patients

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A Trauma Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists Team (TCT) was created and trained to provide trauma-focused anesthesia and resuscitation. The purpose of this study was to examine patient outcomes after implementation of TCT. We conducted retrospective analyses of trauma patients managed with surgical intervention from March to December 2015. During the first five months, patients managed before the development of TCT were grouped No-TCT, patients managed after were grouped TCT. To assess outcomes, we used hospital and intensive care unit length of stay, ventilator days, and a validated 10-point intraoperative Apgar score (IOAS). IOAS is calculated using the estimated blood loss, lowest heart rate, and lowest mean arterial pressure during surgery. Higher IOAS are associated with significantly decreased complications and mortality after surgery. We used t test and nonparametric tests for analyses. Fifty two patients were included (mean age 39 years, 75% male; 46.2% managed with TCT). Patients in the No-TCT group had significantly lower use of vasopressors (0.019), lower mean IOAS (P = 0.02), and spent more days on ventilator (P = 0.005) than patients in the TCT. These results suggest that trauma centers should take into consideration implementation of TCT to improve intraoperative and overall outcomes.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2018

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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