Definitive Wound Closure Techniques in Fournier’s Gangrene
Necrotizing soft tissue infection of the perineum, or Fournier’s gangrene (FG), is a morbid and mortal diagnosis. Despite the severity of FG, the optimal definitive wound closure strategy is unknown, as are long-term wound outcomes. A retrospective review was performed over a 3-year period at a single trauma center. Patients were managed according to our institutional approach focusing on primary wound closure and secondary intention healing in residual wounds. Overall 168 patients were included. Complete primary wound closure was accomplished in 39.9 per cent of patients. Patients undergoing primary wound closure were primarily male (89.6 vs 64.4%, P < 0.001), had lower mean sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores (1.70 ± 2.30 vs 2.98 ± 3.36, P = 0.004), more often had perineum-limited FG (67.2 vs 42.6%, P = 0.003), and required fewer debridements (2.40 vs 2.79, P = 0.02). On logistic regression, predictors of primary closure included gender (odds ratio 4.643, 95% confidence interval 1.885‐11.437, P = 0.001) and SOFA score (odds ratio 0.834, 95% confidence interval 0.727‐0.957, P = 0.01). Wound healing rates increased over time, to an 82.1 per cent wound healing rate without further intervention at greater than six months of follow-up. Wounds healed with secondary intention ranged from 70 to 9520 cm3 and primary closure ranged from 126 to 6912 cm3, whereas wounds requiring skin grafts ranged from 405 to 16,170 cm3. Complete primary wound closure is often achievable in FG patients. Using this standardized approach to FG wound management, even large wounds and wounds undergoing secondary intention healing will often close with long-term wound care and do not require flap creation or early skin grafting.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2018
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