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Surgical and Endovascular Management of Patients with Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia: A Single Center Experience

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Chronic mesenteric ischemia is a rare intestinal disorder, with a potential evolution toward intestinal infraction. The choice of the appropriate treatment is currently the most crucial issue in the management of patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. We describe our experience with 16 cases, and we discuss the current diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. A retrospective review of the clinical records was performed, and demographic, clinical, therapeutic, and prognostic data were collected. Six patients were females (37%), and the mean age was 62 years. Postprandial pain was present in all the cases, whereas sitophobia and weight loss were detected in 87 per cent of them. Eight patients were treated with open surgery; no perioperative deaths or relevant complications occurred. One patient had a restenosis of the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery 10 months after surgery. No deaths or relevant complications occurred in the remaining patients, who underwent an endovascular procedure. One patient presented a restenosis distal to the vascular stent, whereas two patients died due to comorbidities. The low rates of postoperative morbidity, mortality, and restenosis obtained suggest that surgical or endovascular correction of chronic mesenteric ischemia is satisfactory when performed by experienced surgeons, with an adequate selection of the patients.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Experimental Pathology and Oncology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

Publication date: December 1, 2017

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