Surgery for Acromioclavicular Dislocation: Factors Affecting Functional Recovery
The objective of the study is to compare the clinical outcomes of two different interventions for Rockwood type III (or above) acromioclavicular dislocation and study the factors influencing postoperative functional recovery. A total of 60 patients with Rockwood type III (or above) acromioclavicular dislocation were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups based on the surgical intervention: Clavicular Hook Plate Fixation (Group A) and EndoButton technique of Coracoclavicular Ligament Reconstruction (Group B). Constant shoulder score was employed for the assessment of functional recovery before and after the surgery. Statistical analysis was performed in terms of age, gender, obesity (body mass index), Constant shoulder score, compliance of rehabilitation guidance, and the amount of reduction loss. The Constant score was significantly improved after surgery (P < 0.05). The score was better in Group B compared with Group A in the sixth month after surgery (P < 0.05), but showed no significant difference in the fifteenth month. Compliance with rehabilitation guidance significantly affected the values of the Constant score after the surgery (P < 0.05). Clavicular Hook Plate and EndoButton technique both are effective ways to treat Rockwood type III (or above) acromioclavicular dislocation. However, EndoButton technique is more effective for early functional recovery. Patients’ compliance with rehabilitation guidance is critical for the functional recovery after surgery.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Orthopeadics, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
Publication date: December 1, 2017
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