Robotic Rectopexy for Rectal Prolapse in Pediatric Patients
Rectal prolapse is the protrusion of the rectum out of the anus. Surgical correction can be accomplished via open and minimally invasive abdominal approaches, as well as from the perineum. Robotic rectopexy is an option for minimally invasive treatment of rectal prolapse. There are no studies that have established the efficacy of robotic rectopexy for rectal prolapse in the pediatric population. The aim of this study was to review the experience of robotic rectopexy at a single institution. This is a retrospective review of our pediatric robotic rectopexy experience from 2012 to 2015. Information was obtained from chart review of both operative notes and clinic visits. Four pediatric patients underwent a robotic rectopexy for rectal prolapse from 2012 to 2015. Three patients were male and one was female. The mean age was 15.5 years (range 13‐17). Two patients had rectal prolapse with chronic constipation. One patient had rectal prolapse from Ehlers Danlos syndrome, and the last had rectal prolapse after imperforate anus repair as an infant. Three patients received a bowel preparation. Three patients were completed robotically, and one patient required conversion to an open procedure. The average postoperative length of stay was 3.25 days (range 2‐4). There were no episodes of recurrent prolapse. Two patients had improvement in constipation, one had no improvement, and one had no documented change. Average postoperative follow-up was 11.5 months (range 3‐29). This study was a review of one institution’s experience with pediatric robotic rectopexy. With short-term follow-up, there was no recurrence of prolapse. Robotic rectopexy provided a safe, reliable, and short-term resolution of rectal prolapse in pediatric patients.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Section of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA
Publication date: December 1, 2017
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