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What Factors Predict Hospital Readmission after Colorectal Surgery?

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Readmissions pose a significant hardship for patients and constitute a major quality and financial concern for hospitals. We sought to define risk factors associated with hospital readmission after colorectal surgery at a tertiary care hospital. We evaluated readmission among all patients who underwent a colorectal surgical procedure between July 16, 2007 and June 30, 2011. In a cohort of 4879 operative encounters, 492 (10%) were readmitted to the hospital within 30 days of discharge. Procedures with highest readmissions included stoma creation (22%), ileoanal pouch surgery (22%), and total proctocolectomy (30%). In multivariate analysis, the following variables were associated with risk of readmission: postoperative complication, use of anxiolytics, high comorbidity score, patient setting, alcohol use, and stoma creation. Surgeon of record was not associated with readmission. In conclusion, several patient, procedural, and postoperative factors were associated with an increased risk of readmission. Considerably high rates of readmission were noted after stoma creation, ileoanal pouch procedures, and proctocolectomy. Surgeon of record was not associated with risk of readmission, indicating little value to this metric as a physician-specific indicator of quality.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Lahey Hospital & Medical Center, Burlington, Massachusetts, USA

Publication date: 01 May 2016

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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