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The Effect of Body Mass Index on Posttraumatic Transfusion after Pelvic Trauma

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The impact of body mass index (BMI) on posttraumatic blood transfusion after pelvic trauma is not well known. We conducted a retrospective review of trauma registry data over a 5-year period. Patients were stratified by BMI as normal: less than 25 kg/m2, overweight: 25 to 29.9 kg/m2, obese: 30 to 39.9 kg/m2, and morbidly obese: 40 kg/m2 or greater. Fractures were identified as “likely to receive transfusion” based on literature. Multivariable logistic regression modeling evaluated the relationship between BMI and initial posttraumatic transfusion. A second regression model was created to test the effect of BMI after adjusting for fractures “less likely to receive transfusion.” Sixty-six of 244 patients (27.3%) received transfusion (mean: 1.1 ± 2.3 units). Morbid obesity was associated with transfusion (less than 55.6 vs 24.8%; P < 0.05) and units of total blood transfused (2.2 ± 2.9 vs 1.0 ± 2.2 mL; P < 0.05). The average age of patients who received a blood transfusion was significantly older compared with patients who did not receive a transfusion (45.4 ± 18.8 vs 36.1 ± 16.1 years; P < 0.05). After adjusting for potential confounders, morbid obesity was a significant risk factor for transfusion (odds ratio [OR], 4.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4 to 12.0). Adjusting by age and fracture patterns “less likely to receive transfusion,” morbid obesity remained a risk factor for transfusion (OR, 4.5; 95% CI, 1.5 to 12.9). Morbid obesity represented a significant risk factor for posttraumatic transfusion in isolated pelvic trauma, even for fracture patterns “less likely to receive transfusion.”
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA

Publication date: March 1, 2015

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