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Cytoreductive Surgery with Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy for Gallbladder Cancer: A Retrospective Review

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Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) often prolongs survival in patients with peritoneal surface disease, yet is generally avoided in patients with peritoneal spread from gallbladder cancer as a result of its aggressive biologic behavior. Therefore, we reviewed our experience with CRS/HIPEC for patients with gallbladder cancer. We retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of CRS/HIPEC procedures performed from 1991 to 2013 using a prospectively maintained database of 1069 procedures. Patient and tumor characteristics, morbidity, mortality, and survival were reviewed. CRS/HIPEC was performed six times in five patients with peritoneal spread from gallbladder cancer. Patients were young (age 28 to 54 years) without pre-existing comorbidities. Eighty per cent had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score of 0 or 1. At CRS, organs resected included omentum (n = 4), liver (n = 3), colon (n = 2), ovaries (n = 1), and diaphragm (n = 1). A complete macroscopic cytoreduction of intraperitoneal disease was achieved in every case. Clavien graded major morbidity was 17 per cent. There was no observed mortality. Median and 3-year survival were 22.4 months and 30 per cent, respectively. CRS/HIPEC may be performed safely in patients with peritoneal dissemination from gallbladder cancer. Carefully selected patients with low-volume disease amenable to complete cytoreduction may experience a meaningful survival benefit.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA

Publication date: July 1, 2014

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