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The Use of Simulation Procedural Training to Improve Self-efficacy, Knowledge, and Skill to Perform Cricothyroidotomy

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The pre-eminent requirement for surgical education is that it is effective and efficient. We sought to determine if the addition of low-fidelity simulation to our standard method of teaching cricothyroidotomy improves Postgraduate Year 1 residents' self-efficacy, knowledge, and skill to perform cricothyroidotomy. The teaching methods were standard education using a lecture and video compared with standard education plus low-fidelity simulation instruction and practice on a mannequin. The methods were randomly assigned. After the assigned teaching in the morning and completion of pre- and posttests of self-efficacy and knowledge, the residents were evaluated on performance of cricothyroidotomy during the afternoon on euthanized swine. Time to complete the procedure and complications were recorded. Nineteen residents participated. Time to complete cricothyroidotomy was significantly less (P = 0.047) and performance scores were significantly higher (P = 0.01) in the simulation group. This group had four (36.4%) complications and the no simulation group had one (12.5%) complication (P = 0.34). Both groups improved on self-efficacy from pre- to posteducation (P < 0.05). Low-fidelity simulation can improve time and skill to perform cricothyroidotomy.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Publication date: April 1, 2014

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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