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The Use of Multiple Serial Transverse Enteroplasty (STEP) Procedures for the Management of Intestinal Atresia and Short Bowel Syndrome

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The serial transverse enteroplasty procedure (STEP) was introduced as a bowel-lengthening procedure to reduce complications related to short bowel syndrome (SBS). Although some have described it as a useful adjunct to the Bianci procedure, others have acknowledged it as a primary procedure. We present a case of jejunal atresia in which two STEP procedures were performed 7 months apart to increase small bowel length. A 1-day-old, term girl presented with a known bowel obstruction diagnosed in utero. A laparotomy revealed a Type IIIb jejunal atresia with no remaining small bowel or cecum. A STEP procedure with an end jejunostomy and ascending colon mucous fistula lengthened the small bowel from 35 to 50 cm. A repeat procedure 7 months later lengthened it to 89 cm. The STEP procedure results in slower intestinal transit time and increases enterocytes contact with oral intake. We performed it during our initial exploration to increase small bowel size by 30 per cent. A repeat procedure 7 months later increased length to 89 cm. The use of multiple, staged STEP procedures avoided the need for bowel transplantation and long-term total parenteral nutrition dependence, demonstrating its effectiveness as a primary procedure for the surgical management of SBS.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of General Surgery, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, Georgia, USA

Publication date: 01 August 2013

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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